It’s no secret that our vision deteriorates as we age. Unfortunately, some eye conditions such as glaucoma and macular degeneration do not show noticeable symptoms until they reach an advanced stage. This is why it is important for adults ages 18 to 60 to come in for an eye exam at least once every two years. Adults ages 61 and older, on the other hand, are advised to have an eye exam annually.
Common Vision Problems Detected by Eye Exams
Experiencing trouble with focusing eyesight and eye refraction are usually the earliest warning signs of an eye condition. These symptoms alone, however, are not indicative of macular degeneration, which is why having an eye exam is necessary.
Glaucoma is a condition that is caused by a buildup of pressure inside the eyes. Over time, the intraocular pressure causes damage to the optic nerve. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause permanent blindness.
Macular degeneration is another common vision problem experienced by adults. It is described as a deterioration of the retina, causing severely impaired vision. The condition is most common among adults over age 60.
Cataracts are a buildup of proteins along the lens of the eyes. This buildup causes vision to become “cloudy”, since it impedes the passage of light into the eye. Cataracts have a variety of causes, including aging, genetics, and traumatic eye injuries.
Ways to Take Care of Your Eyes
It’s entirely possible that an eye exam will show that you have a clean bill of health. Naturally, you will want to take steps to maintain your clear and healthy vision.
It all starts with your diet. Eating dark, leafy vegetables like spinach and kale offer a variety of nutrients that help maintain the health of your eyes. Eating food rich in Omega-3 is also advised.
Wearing sunglasses are also advised if you spend a great deal of time under the sun. In particular, wear sunglasses that have been designed to repel UV rays. Many established eye centers provide these types of sunglasses.
A comprehensive eye exam often involves various tests. Which tests will comprise your eye exam will depend on factors such as age and family history of eye conditions. Be sure to share all relevant information with your optometrist in Indianapolis. After all, everyone has the right to clear and healthy vision.
Eye exam. Mayoclinic.org
Why Are Eye Exams Important? Allaboutvision.com
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